Institut Ramon LLull

Resources & Services


13/12/2018. University of Salamanca hosts Catalan Studies Day
The event will kick off with a lecture entitled “Narrative documents from the late Francoist p...
29/11/2018. Italian Association for Catalan Studies holds XII International Congress in Siena
The XII International Congress of the Italian Association for Catalan Studies (AISC) will begin this...
15/11/2018. Training for Catalan Professors Working in Austria, Germany and Switzerland
Teaching Catalan in Multilingual Contexts is the title of an Institut Ramon Llull (IRL) course for p...

Catalan in society

Catalan, language of social cohesion, education and science

The Catalan language is the fundamental tool of social cohesion and integration of a society that has always been a land of that has welcomed immigrants for geographical and socioeconomic reasons. Catalan is the vehicular language of education in primary schools, secondary schools and universities. New arrivals have over 1,000 integration classes in primary and secondary schools at their disposal. The La Bressola cultural association’s network of schools, in Northern Catalonia, and the Joan Palomba and La Costura projects in Alghero promote the teaching of Catalan in those territories.

There are 21 universities in Catalan-speaking areas. The majority are members of international exchange programmes, which encourages foreigners to make contact with Catalan culture. The research community that works in the 24 science parks and the more than 40 high-level research centres in Catalonia speaks Catalan and English.

Creation in Catalan

As regards literary creation in Catalan, texts have been written uninterruptedly from the 12th century onwards and at the moment there are more than 1.200 autors literaris vius. Other areas of Catalan culture such as audio-visual creation or the performing arts have also traditionally enjoyed widespread international recognition. Catalan culture has moreover been represented at competitions and fairs all over the world, like the 2007 Frankfurt Book Fair.

The web

Catalan is the eighth most active language on Internet and over two million Internet users navigate in Catalan. On 16th September 2005 the domain .cat was set up, the first one given to a linguistic and cultural community not representing a political state. Currently, it has over 53,000 domains registered. The Catalan version of Viquipèdia was the first to appear, in 2001, after the English one and is now ranked thirteenth in the number of pages developed. Some of the most visited places on the web like Google, Facebook or YouTube are also in Catalan.

The media

Catalan presence in the media can boast quality programmes and a loyal audience. One of the most socially important television channels in Catalonia is the 24-hour news channel 3/, or the general channels TV3 and 8tv; IB3 in the Balearic Islands or Canal9 in Valencia Country. They can all be watched via Internet with à la carte services.

As for radio, the various regional government public stations in Catalonia (iCatfm, Catalunya Informació, Catalunya Música, Catalunya Ràdio...), Valencia (Canal9), and the Balearic Islands (IB3), together with some private stations (Rac1, FlaixFM...) and a great many local stations guarantee Catalan a notable presence on the airwaves.

Catalan in the written press represents 20% of total daily newspaper sales. It is also available on the web with the recently-launched daily Ara, or older publications El Periódico de Catalunya, El Punt Avui, the Diari de Balears, the Diari d’Andorra, La Vanguardia or the weekly El Temps published in Valencia. In addition to that, there are about 250 magazines and specialist publications.

Cartell de Josep Obiols, 1920
Poster by Josep Obiols, 1920

Catalan is the eighth most active language on Internet and over two million Internet users navigate in Catalan

Logo del
Logo of the domain .cat
Canal 324
Canal 324 online

Sponsors of IRL projects

The Institut Ramon Llull

is a consortium that comprises the Generalitat de Catalunya (Government of Catalonia), Balearic Islands Government and the Barcelona City Council, and its mission is the promotion of Catalan language and culture abroad.

Generalitat de CatalunyaGovern Illes BalearsAjuntament de Barcelona

This website uses its own and third party cookies to offer better browsing. By browsing in it the user agrees to the way we use cookies. Users can prevent cookies from being generated and erase them by using the options on their browser. Blocking cookies may mean that some of this website’s services and options do not work properly.

Cookies are small pieces of data that websites send to browsers and which are stored in users’ devices: computers, mobile telephones, tablets, and so on. Their purpose is to improve the experience of using the website, as these archives make it possible for the website to remember information about the user’s visits, such as preferred options or language. In this way the website personalizes its content and becomes more agile and useful for the user.

By browsing this website users agree to cookies being installed in their equipment that enable us to find out the following information:

Types of cookies

This website uses session, or temporary, cookies and persistent cookies. Session cookies merely keep data while the user is visiting the website. Persistent cookies store the data on the device’s hard drive so that it will be accessible in more than one session.

Depending on the type of data obtained the website can use technical cookies.

These allow users to browse the webpage and use the different options or services it contains. For example, controlling data traffic and communication, identifying the session, entering restricted access areas, requesting enrolment or participation in an event, using security features while browsing and storing content.

Personalization cookies.

These allow users to access the website with some general characteristics that are either already predefined in their hard drive or defined by the user. For example, the language, the type of browser used to access the website, the chosen content design, the geo-location of the device or the regional configuration from where access takes place.

Statistical analysis cookies

These make it possible to monitor and analyse the behaviour of visitors to the website. The information gathered is used to measure a website’s activity and to produce users’ browsing history, making it possible to improve the service.

Third party cookies

Third party cookies that manage and improve the services offered can also be installed. For example, statistics services like Google Analytics.

Managing the cookies in my browser

Users can allow, block or erase the cookies installed in their device by configuring the browsing options.

If the use of cookies in the browser is blocked, some services or functions of the webpage may not be available